1. Neurosurg Rev. Jul;32(3); discussion doi: /s Epub May The Canon of Medicine (Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb) by Ibn Sina (the illuminated opening of the 4th book). A rare complete copy made in Iran probably at the begin. A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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This page was last edited on 14 Decemberat In his thesis on “The Members”, Avicenna explains that the humours help to make up the members of the body, gives a general description and all to repair them. Tlbb November 8, The Canon of Medicine is based upon the Four Humours of Hippocratic medicine, but refined in various ways. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The direct benefit relates to the [phlegm], and the indirect refers to the fever. William Osler described the Canon as “the most famous medical textbook ever written”, noting that it remained “a medical bible for a longer time than any other work.

Ibn Sīnā (c CE; c AH) – The James Lind Library The James Lind Library

Avicenna sought to fit these traditions into Aristotle ‘s natural philosophy. He has given clear description of Ankylostomiasis, Dracunculus medinensis, Mediastinitis, Phthisis, Measles, Smallpox zl. Avicenna calls this humour “the most excellent of all” [8]: Australian Bush Western Europe. Our copy includes the first, second and fifth books. Only after this may we wholly understand the old medical texts.


According too Emilie Savage-Smith the Qanun fi al-Tibb is massive general medical compendium comprising five books. Avicenna generalizes youth as having a “hot” temperament, but comments that there is controversy over which periods of youth are hotter. Period of athletic power.

The Canon of Medicine

Bitter taste Excessive thirst Burning cardiac orifice. Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Canon of Medicine. Part of a series on. He describes what he says are the ” four causes ” of illness, based on Aristotelian philosophy: Bukhtishu family Ja’far al-Sadiq.

If the experiment is carried out on the bodies of [other animals] it is possible that it might fail for two reasons: Each entry contains the substance’s name, its criteria of goodness which sometimes describes how the substance is found in natureand its nature or primary qualities. The Canon of Medicine of Avicenna.

If the drug has an immediate effect, this shows that it has acted against the disease itself. The third is on therapy, arranged in order of the site of the ailment from head to toe, in 22 funun.


The temperaments are reported to be the interaction between the four different element’s qualities, such as the conflict between dryness, wetness, cold, and hot. Known to us is the perceptible human body with its organs and its cells.

Avicenna tivb that the hand, especially the palm and the tip of the index finger, is the most sensitive of all and attuned to tactile contact. Examples of the sixteen intemperaments are provided in the “third and fourth volumes.

The fourth is generative — i. We say experimenting leads to knowledge of the potency of a medicine with certainty after taking into consideration certain conditions.

Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine

The substances are simple in the sense of not being compounded with other substances. The Qanun is divided into five books parts.

He defined medicine tibb as follows:. We still have to look at the mental powers or faculties that motivate this body. International Journal of Cardiology.