Inventing Europe: idea, identity, reality. Front Cover. Gerard Delanty. Macmillan, – History – Bibliographic information. QR code for Inventing Europe. I{ETlllNKlNC IRTSH HISTORy (with patrick O’Mahony). Inventing Europe. Idea, Identity, Reality. Gerard Delanty. Senior LÄ›crurer in Sociology. U niversity of Liver . Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke,

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For instance, European kings had their invnting at the Mongol court. My tentative answer is that the idea of Europe can be the norma- tive basis of collective identity only if it is focused on a new notion of citi- zenship. While the notion of the Occident referred, broadly speaking, to the wider Greek world, the idea of Europe was predominantly geographical.

An indictment of an entire civilisation, this celebrated work of the ‘Frankfurt School’ of critical theory eyrope the question of the very possibili- ty of a European identity in the wake of the Holocaust.

One of the central characteristics of Europe as a geo-political invetning is the process in which the core penetrated into the periphery to produce a power- ful system of control and dependency. It included a great diversity of peoples: The structures W which these are linked are me economy, the state, culture and society.

For the peoples of Antiquity the divide between north and south was a more significant one than that of cast versus west.

Inventing Europe: idea, identity, reality – Gerard Delanty – Google Books

It was at most a region and not a continent in the geo-political sense of the term: The new critical dimension it brings to debates on the limits and possibilities of a European identity will make dleanty indispensable to those working in the area of European studies and intellectual history.

This was ultimately a failure, despite a relative expansion of frontiers, and Christendom had to reconcile itself to the fact that it had failed in its ambition for world mastery. In this movement the idea of Europe supplanted Christendom as the cultural frame of reference for new processes of identi- ty formation and the rise of new centres of power. Erasmus, who has often been called ‘the first European’, believed that the Christian princes should stop quarrelling in order to be able to form a united front against Ottoman power Tazbir,pp.


[ Gerard Delanty] Inventing Europe 1995

Very schematically, I shall link the idea of Europe to five discourses which can be seen as its ‘crystallisations’: For Plato in The Republicp. As a cultural framework Europe became the 30 The Westernisation of Europe 31 normative idea of a civilisation that was in the process of expanding over- seas, inevnting as the name of that civilisation’s geographical territory it was faced with the problem that a considerable pan lay under Ottoman suzerainty.

Berlin is no longer invwnting symbol of a divided Europe but the capital of a united Germany.

A world is created which is ijventing as objec- tive; it is something that is given, taken for granted, unalterable and self-evi- dent. The dualism of Christians and infidels was more significant than the later opposition of Europeans versus barbarians.

A theory of the invention of Europeseeks to explain how the idea of Europe becomes attached to processes of collective identity formation, which reinforce the dominance of the centre over the periphery.

As a result of the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in and the subsequent colonial expansion of the western European powers after 1the idea of Europe became linked to a system of what was coming to be regarded as specifically European values, though these did not become fully articulated as a European identity until the late seventeenth century.

It was to this mystique of the West that Europe was subordinated. The crusaders were also disadvantaged by the revival of Muslim military power in the twelfth century.

Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality – Gerard Delanty – Google Books

It is erroneous to regard Europe as mere- deoanty a region for the simple reason that it means different things to different people in different contexts. With respect europw the notion of ‘European unity’ I shall be arguing that the critical and self-examining traditions in European culture have in fact rarely appealed to the idea of unity as their normative standpoint – the exception ,’ here being anti-fascist resistance.


I shall attempt to present a working hypothesis of a concept of universality that does not open itself to the Eurocentric fallacy. The Chinese once believed that Antioch was the capital of the Roman Empire rather than its third largest city Dudley,p.

So the European idea is not just only a hegemon- ic idea; it should be seen as a totalising idea that collapses at the point of becoming hegemonic. Its central argument is that the division between Europe and the Orient was reflected in an internal division within Europe and that the east- ern frontier – closed after the fall of Constantinople in – was the deter- mining factor in the shaping of the idea of Europe as the ‘West’.

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. This was not surprising because Christianity, with which Europe was usu- ally associated, was not a territorially unified culture.

He thus exhorted the invsnting ofEurope’ to a crusade against the Turks Coles,p. Europe did not encompass what we associate with it today.

Nothing could alter the fact that Christendom was beleaguered by Muslim power in the east in Asia Minor, in the south from the southern shores of the Mediterranean and in the west in the Iberian peninsula. I his presupposes a theory of the historical regions of Europe.

Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality

Europe, after all, was not a Greek discovery but Phoenician and may even have jnventing Semitic roots Sattler,p. The Muslim conquest of Spain was almost extended to France until the Arabs, under Abdier Rahman, were defeated by the Franks at the battle of Tours in For the eastern emperors the Holy Roman Emperors were mere usurpers and the gap between East and West widened. In the seventh and eighth centuries the Arabs conquered most of North Africa with Alexandria falling in and Carthage in Europe as an idea, identity and as a reality.